The $100 billion (7.4 lakh crore) per year vow to fulfil the promises made by the G20 in 2009 has been the hottest subject at the United Nations Climate Change 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26).
The G20 had agreed to help developing nations with climate change mitigation and adaptation initiatives. The electrification of road-based vehicles in the Global South is a viable industry for mobilizing such climate money.
Road-based vehicles presently account for around 15% of worldwide carbon dioxide emissions each year. They are one of the most rapidly increasing sources of emissions in the Global South.
With nations like India expecting a three-fold increase in passenger mobility demand and a five-fold increase in freight activity by 2050, leaders from government, business, and civil society will convene at COP26 to forge an international agreement on the transition to electric cars (EVs).
Supportive legislation, ramped-up production, charging infrastructure development, and fleet electrification are all critical requirements for a speedy transition.
According to COP26 efforts like the Zero Emission Vehicle Transition Council. However, until today, the funding of this transaction has been neglected as a component of the jigsaw.
Between 2021 and 2030, India’s capital requirements for the EV transition are anticipated to be $266 billion (19.7 lakh crore) spanning cars, batteries, and charging infrastructure.
In terms of end-user finance, this corresponds to a $50 billion (3.7 lakh crore) yearly market in 2030. Other countries will have comparable significant capital and financial requirements in the coming decade and beyond.
However, obtaining such funds has proven to be difficult. In comparison to petrol or diesel-powered automobiles, borrowers must now deal with higher interest rates, poorer loan-to-value ratios, and shorter loan terms.
Despite the financial benefits of electric cars in a variety of vehicle segments and applications, most banks and other financial institutions have yet to issue preferential loans because of underlying asset and business model concerns.
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